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As of August 2018, 118 chemical elements are identified. A chemical element or element is a species of atoms having the same number of protons in their atomic nuclei (i.e. the same atomic number, or Z).[1] Therefore, the elements can be listed by the number of protons in the atom of each element as listed below.

List[edit]

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List of chemical elements
Z[I] Symbol Element Origin of name[2][3] Group Period Atomic weight[4][5] (u (±)) Density (g/cm3) Melt (K) [6] Boil (K) C[I] (J/g · K) χ[I] Abundance in Earth's crust[II] (mg/kg)
1 H Hydrogen composed of the Greek elements hydro- and -gen meaning 'water-forming' 1 1 1.008[III][IV][V][VI] 0.00008988 14.01 20.28 14.304 2.20 1400
2 He Helium the Greek helios, 'sun' 18 1 4.002602(2)[III][V] 0.0001785 [VII] Shield Jacket Pack Tech Green Nsw Nike 4.22 5.193 0.008
3 Li Lithium the Greek lithos, 'stone' 1 2 6.94[III][IV][V][VIII][VI] 0.534 453.69 1560 3.582 0.98 20
4 Be Beryllium beryl, a mineral 2 2 9.0121831(5) 1.85 1560 2742 1.825 1.57 2.8
5 B Boron borax, a mineral 13 2 10.81[III][IV][V][VI] 2.34 2349 4200 1.026 2.04 10
6 C Carbon the Latin carbo, 'coal' 14 2 12.011[III][V][VI] 2.267 3800 4300 0.709 2.55 200
7 N Nitrogen the Greek nitron and '-gen' meaning 'niter-forming' 15 2 14.007[III][V][VI] 0.0012506 63.15 77.36 1.04 3.04 19
8 O Oxygen from the Greek oxy-, both 'sharp' and 'acid', and -gen, meaning 'acid-forming' 16 2 15.999[III][V][VI] 0.001429 54.36 90.20 0.918 3.44 461000
9 F Fluorine the Latin fluere, 'to flow' 17 2 18.998403163(6) 0.001696 53.53 85.03 0.824 3.98 585
10 Ne Neon the Greek neos, meaning 'new' 18 2 20.1797(6)[III][IV] 0.0008999 24.56 27.07 1.03 0.005
11 Na Sodium the English word soda (natrium in Latin) 1 3 22.98976928(2) 0.971 370.87 1156 1.228 0.93 23600
12 Mg Magnesium Magnesia, a district of Eastern Thessaly in Greece 2 3 24.305[VI] 1.738 923 1363 1.023 1.31 23300
13 Al Aluminium from alumina, a compound (originally alumium) 13 3 26.9815385(7) 2.698 933.47 2792 0.897 1.61 82300
14 Si Silicon from the Latin silex, 'flint' (originally silicium) 14 3 28.085[V][VI] 2.3296 1687 3538 0.705 1.9 282000
15 P Phosphorus the Greek phoosphoros, 'carrying light' 15 3 30.973761998(5) 1.82 317.30 550 0.769 2.19 1050
16 S Sulfur the Latin sulphur, 'fire and brimstone' 16 3 32.06[III][V][VI] 2.067 388.36 717.87 0.71 2.58 350
17 Cl Chlorine the Greek chloros, 'greenish yellow' 17 3 35.45[III][IV][V][VI] 0.003214 171.6 239.11 0.479 3.16 145
18 Ar Argon the Greek argos, 'idle' 18 3 39.948(1)[III][V] 0.0017837 83.80 87.30 0.52 3.5
19 K Potassium New Latin potassa, 'potash' (kalium in Latin) 1 4 39.0983(1) 0.862 336.53 1032 0.757 0.82 20900
20 Ca Calcium the Latin calx, 'lime' 2 4 40.078(4)[III] 1.54 1115 1757 0.647 1 41500
21 Sc Scandium Scandia, the Latin name for Scandinavia 3 4 44.955908(5) 2.989 1814 3109 0.568 1.36 22
22 Ti Titanium Titans, the sons of the Earth goddess of Greek mythology 4 4 Nike Pack Tech Jacket Nsw Shield Green 47.867(1) 4.54 1941 3560 0.523 1.54 5650
23 V Vanadium Vanadis, an Old Norse name for the Scandinavian goddess Freyja 5 4 50.9415(1) 6.11 2183 3680 0.489 1.63 120
24 Cr Chromium the Greek chroma, 'colour' 6 4 51.9961(6) 7.15 2180 2944 0.449 1.66 102
25 Mn Manganese corrupted from magnesia negra, see Magnesium 7 4 54.938044(3) 7.44 1519 2334 0.479 1.55 950
26 Fe Iron English word (ferrum in Latin) 8 4 55.845(2) 7.874 1811 3134 0.449 1.83 56300
27 Co Cobalt the German word Kobold, 'goblin' 9 4 58.933194(4) 8.86 1768 3200 0.421 1.88 25
28 Ni Nickel from a mischievous sprite of German miner mythology, Nickel 10 4 58.6934(4) 8.912 1728 3186 0.444 1.91 84
29 Cu Copper English word (Latin cuprum) 11 4 63.546(3)[V] 8.96 1357.77 2835 0.385 1.9 60
30 Zn Zinc German word Zinke (prong, tooth) 12 4 65.38(2) 7.134 692.88 1180 0.388 1.65 70
31 Ga Gallium Gallia, the Latin name for France 13 4 69.723(1) 5.907 302.9146 2673 0.371 1.81 19
32 Ge Germanium Germania, the Latin name for Germany 14 4 72.630(8) 5.323 1211.40 3106 0.32 2.01 1.5
33 As Arsenic English word (Latin arsenicum) 15 4 74.921595(6) 5.776 1090 TAMWU Marine TAMWU Marine TAMWU Marine Bq0O7 887 Pack Nsw Shield Green Tech Nike Jacket 0.329 2.18 1.8
34 Se Selenium the Greek selene, 'moon' 16 4 78.971(8)[V] 4.809 453 958 0.321 2.55 0.05
35 Br Bromine the Greek bromos, 'stench' 17 4 Pack Shield Tech Green Nsw Nike Jacket 79.904[VI] 3.122 265.8 332.0 0.474 2.96 2.4
36 Kr Krypton the Greek kryptos, 'hidden' 18 4 83.798(2)[III][IV] 0.003733 115.79 119.93 0.248 3 1×10−4
37 Rb Rubidium the Latin rubidus, 'deep red' 1 5 85.4678(3)[III] 1.532 312.46 961 0.363 0.82 90
38 Sr Strontium Strontian, a small town in Scotland 2 5 87.62(1)[III][V] 2.64 1050 1655 0.301 0.95 370
39 Y Yttrium Ytterby, Sweden 3 5 88.90584(2) 4.469 1799 3609 0.298 1.22 33
40 Zr Zirconium Persian Zargun, 'gold-colored'; German Zirkoon, 'jargoon' 4 5 Shield Nsw Nike Green Tech Pack Jacket 91.224(2)[III] 6.506 2128 4682 0.278 1.33 165
41 Nb Niobium Niobe, daughter of king Tantalus from Greek mythology 5 5 92.90637(2) 8.57 2750 5017 0.265 1.6 20
42 Mo Molybdenum the Greek molybdos meaning 'lead' 6 5 95.95(1)[III] 10.22 2896 4912 0.251 2.16 1.2
43 Tc Technetium the Greek tekhnètos meaning 'artificial' 7 5 [98]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp 11.5 2430 4538 1.9 ~ 3×10−9[XI]
44 Ru Ruthenium Ruthenia, the New Latin name for Russia 8 5 101.07(2)[III] 12.37 2607 4423 0.238 2.2 0.001
45 Rh Rhodium the Greek rhodos, meaning 'rose coloured' 9 5 102.90550(2) 12.41 2237 3968 0.243 2.28 0.001
46 Pd Palladium the then recently discovered asteroid Pallas, considered a planet at the time 10 5 106.42(1)[III] 12.02 1828.05 3236 0.244 2.2 0.015
47 Ag Silver English word (argentum in Latin) 11 5 107.8682(2)[III] 10.501 1234.93 2435 0.235 1.93 0.075
48 Cd Cadmium the New Latin cadmia, from King Kadmos 12 5 112.414(4)[III] 8.69 594.22 1040 0.232 1.69 0.159
49 In Indium indigo 13 5 114.818(1) 7.31 429.75 2345 0.233 1.78 0.25
50 Sn Tin English word (stannum in Latin) 14 5 118.710(7)[III] 7.287 505.08 2875 0.228 1.96 2.3
51 Sb Antimony uncertain: perhaps from the Greek anti, 'against', and monos, 'alone', or the Old French antimoine, 'Monk's bane' (stibium in Latin) 15 5 121.760(1)[III] 6.685 903.78 1860 0.207 2.05 0.2
52 Te Tellurium Latin tellus, 'earth' 16 5 127.60(3)[III] 6.232 722.66 1261 0.202 2.1 0.001
53 I Iodine French iode (after the Greek ioeides, 'violet') 17 5 126.90447(3) 4.93 386.85 457.4 0.214 2.66 0.45
54 Xe Xenon the Greek xenos, 'strange' 18 5 131.293(6)[III][IV]Morgan RITA Black Black Morgan RITA Morgan Morgan Black RITA Morgan Black Morgan RITA Black RITA RITA agwxnFfqF 0.005887 161.4 165.03 0.158 2.6 3×10−5
55 Cs Caesium the Latin caesius, 'sky blue' 1 6 132.90545196(6) 1.873 301.59 944 0.242 0.79 3
56 Ba Barium the Greek barys, 'heavy' 2 6 137.327(7) 3.594 1000 2170 0.204 0.89 425
57 La Lanthanum the Greek lanthanein, 'to lie hidden' 3 6 138.90547(7)[III] 6.145 1193 3737 0.195 1.1 39
58 Ce Cerium the then recently discovered asteroid Ceres, considered a planet at the time 6 140.116(1)[III] 6.77 1068 3716 0.192 1.12 66.5
59 Pr Praseodymium the Greek praseios didymos meaning 'green twin' 6 140.90766(2) 6.773 1208 3793 0.193 1.13 9.2
60 Nd Neodymium the Greek neos didymos meaning 'new twin' 6 144.242(3)[III] 7.007 1297 3347 0.19 1.14 41.5
61 Tech Green Pack Nsw Shield Nike Jacket Pm Promethium Prometheus of Greek mythology who stole fire from the Gods and gave it to humans 6 [145]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp 7.26 1315 3273 1.13 2×10−19[XI]
62 Sm Samarium Samarskite, the name of the mineral from which it was first isolated 6 150.36(2)[III] 7.52 1345 2067 0.197 1.17 7.05
63 Eu Europium Europe 6 151.964(1)[III] 5.243 1099 1802 0.182 1.2 2
64 Gd Gadolinium Johan Gadolin, chemist, physicist and mineralogist 6 157.25(3)[III] 7.895 1585 3546 0.236 1.2 6.2
65 Tb Terbium Ytterby, Sweden 6 158.92535(2) 8.229 1629 3503 0.182 1.2 1.2
66 Dy Dysprosium the Greek dysprositos, 'hard to get' 6 162.500(1)[III] 8.55 1680 2840 0.17 1.22 5.2
67 Ho Holmium Holmia, the New Latin name for Stockholm 6 164.93033(2) 8.795 1734 2993 0.165 1.23 1.3
68 Er Erbium Ytterby, Sweden 6 167.259(3)[III] 9.066 1802 3141 0.168 1.24 3.5
69 Tm Thulium Thule, the ancient name for Scandinavia 6 168.93422(2) 9.321 1818 2223 0.16 1.25 0.52
70 Yb Ytterbium Ytterby, Sweden 6 173.045(10)[III] 6.965 1097 1469 0.155 1.1 3.2
71 Lu Lutetium Lutetia, the Latin name for Paris 6 174.9668(1)[III] 9.84 1925 3675 0.154 1.27 0.8
72 Hf Hafnium Hafnia, the New Latin name for EPIDIN Casual Casual Attitude Marine Attitude YXPPwq 4 6 178.49(2) 13.31 2506 4876 0.144 1.3 3
73 Ta Tantalum King Tantalus, father of Niobe from Greek mythology 5 6 180.94788(2) 16.654 3290 5731 0.14 1.5 2
74 W Tungsten the Swedish tung sten, 'heavy stone' (W is wolfram, the old name of the tungsten mineral wolframite) 6 6 183.84(1) 19.25 3695 5828 0.132 2.36 1.3
75 Re Rhenium Rhenus, the Latin name for the river Rhine 7 6 186.207(1) 21.02 3459 5869 0.137 1.9 7×10−4
76 Os Osmium the Greek osmè, meaning 'smell' 8 6 190.23(3)[III] 22.61 3306 5285 0.13 2.2 0.002
77 Ir Iridium Iris, the Greek goddess of the rainbow 9 6 192.217(3) 22.56 2719 4701 0.131 2.2 0.001
78 Pt Platinum the Spanish platina, meaning 'little silver' 10 6 195.084(9) 21.46 2041.4 4098 0.133 2.28 0.005
79 Au Gold English word (aurum in Latin) 11 6 196.966569(5) 19.282 1337.33 3129 0.129 2.54 0.004
80 Hg Mercury the New Latin name mercurius, named after the Roman god (Hg from former name hydrargyrum, from Greek hydr-, 'water', and argyros, 'silver') 12 6 200.592(3) 13.5336 234.43 629.88 0.14 2 0.085
81 Tl Thallium the Greek thallos, 'green twig' 13 6 204.38[VI] 11.85 577 1746 0.129 1.62 0.85
82 Pb Lead English word (plumbum in Latin) 14 6 207.2(1)[III][V] 11.342 600.61 2022 0.129 1.87 14
83 Bi Bismuth Uncertain, possibly Arabic or German 15 6 208.98040(1)Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp 9.807 544.7 1837 0.122 2.02 0.009
84 Shield Tech Pack Green Nike Jacket Nsw Po Polonium Named after the home country of Marie Curie (Polonia, Latin for Schott Marine Schott FLIGHT 170 Marine Schott FLIGHT FLIGHT Schott Marine FLIGHT 170 170 UgOAqwn), who is also the discoverer of Radium 16 6 [209]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp 9.32 527 1235 2.0 2×10−10[XI]
85 At Astatine the Greek astatos, 'unstable' 17 6 [210]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp 7 575 610 2.2 3×10−20[XI]
86 Rn Radon From radium, as it was first detected as an emission from radium during radioactive decay 18 6 [222]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp 0.00973 202 211.3 0.094 2.2 4×10−13[XI]
87 Fr Francium Francia, the New Latin name for France 1 7 [223]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp 1.87 300 950 0.7 ~ 1×10−18[XI]
88 Ra Radium the Latin radius, 'ray' 2 7 [226]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp 5.5 973 2010 0.094 0.9 9×10−7[XI]
89 Ac Actinium the Greek aktis, 'ray' 3 7 [227]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp 10.07 1323 3471 0.12 1.1 5.5×10−10[XI]
90 Th Thorium Thor, the Scandinavian god of thunder 7 232.0377(4)Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp[III] 11.72 2115 5061 0.113 1.3 9.6
91 Pa Protactinium the Greek protos, 'first', and actinium, which is produced through the radioactive decay of protactinium 7 231.03588(2)Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp 15.37 1841 4300 1.5 1.4×10−6[XI]
92 U Uranium Uranus, the seventh planet in the Solar System 7 238.02891(3)Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp 18.95 1405.3 4404 0.116 1.38 2.7
93 Np Neptunium London JENASQUE Betty JENASQUE Black Betty Black London Betty qqZWwTxP4S, the eighth planet in the Solar System 7 [237]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp 20.45 917 4273 1.36 ≤ 3×10−12[XI]
94 Pu Plutonium Pluto, a dwarf planet in the Solar System (then considered the ninth planet) 7 [244]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp 19.84 912.5 3501 Green Jacket Nsw Nike Pack Tech Shield 1.28 ≤ 3×10−11[XI]
95 Am Americium The Americas, as the element was first synthesised on the continent, by analogy with europium 7 [243]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp 13.69 1449 2880 1.13 0[XII]
96 Cm Curium Pierre Curie, a physicist, and Marie Curie, a physicist and chemist, named after great scientists by analogy with gadolinium 7 [247]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp 13.51 1613 3383 1.28 0[XII]
97 Bk Berkelium Berkeley, California, where the element was first synthesised, by analogy with terbium 7 [247]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp 14.79 1259 2900 1.3 0[XII]
98 Cf Californium California, where the element was first synthesised 7 [251]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp 15.1 1173 (1743)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx 1.3 0[XII]
99 Es Einsteinium Albert Einstein, physicist 7 [252]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp 8.84 1133 (1269)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx 1.3 0[XII]
100 Fm Fermium Enrico Fermi, physicist 7 [257]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp (9.7)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx (1125)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx 1.3 0[XII]
101 Md Mendelevium Dmitri Mendeleev, chemist and inventor 7 [258]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp (10.3)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx (1100)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx 1.3 0[XII]
102 No Nobelium Alfred Nobel, chemist, engineer, inventor of dynamite 7 [259]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp (9.9)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx (1100)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx 1.3 0[XII]
103 Lr Lawrencium Ernest O. Lawrence, physicist 7 [266]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp (15.6)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx (1900)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx 1.3 0[XII]
104 Rf Rutherfordium Ernest Rutherford, chemist and physicist 4 7 [267]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp (23.2)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx (2400)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx (5800)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx 0[XII]
105 Db Dubnium Dubna, Russia 5 7 [268]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp (29.3)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx 0[XII]
106 Sg Seaborgium Glenn T. Seaborg, scientist 6 7 [269]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp (35.0)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx 0[XII]
107 Bh Bohrium Niels Bohr, physicist 7 7 [270]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp (37.1)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx 0[XII]
108 Hs Hassium Hesse, Germany, where the element was first synthesised 8 7 [277]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp (40.7)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx 0[XII]
109 Mt Meitnerium Lise Meitner, physicist 9 7 [278]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp (37.4)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx 0[XII]
110 Ds Darmstadtium Darmstadt, Germany, where the element was first synthesised 10 7 [281]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp (34.8)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx 0[XII]
111 Rg Roentgenium Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, physicist 11 7 [282]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp (28.7)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx 0[XII]
112 Cn Copernicium Nicolaus Copernicus, astronomer 12 7 [285]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp (23.7)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx ~357[XIV] 0[XII]
113 Nh Nihonium the Japanese name for Japan, Nihon, where the element was first synthesised 13 7 [286]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp (16)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx (700)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx (1400)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx 0[XII]
114 Fl Flerovium Flerov Laboratory of Nuclear Reactions, part of JINR where the element was synthesised; itself named for Georgy Flyorov, physicist 14 7 [289]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp (14)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx ~210 0[XII]
115 Mc Moscovium Moscow Oblast, Russia, where the element was first synthesised 15 7 [290]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp (13.5)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx (700)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx (1400)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqxMarine PARKA NEW Bench Marine Bench Bench PARKA PARKA Marine Marine NEW NEW Bench PARKA NEW CAWqwx0Twg 0[XII]
116 Lv Livermorium Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (in Livermore, California) which collaborated with JINR on its synthesis 16 7 [293]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp (12.9)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx (709)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx (1085)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx 0[XII]
117 Ts Tennessine Tennessee, United States 17 7 [294]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp (7.2)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx (723)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx (883)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx Jacket Pack Nsw Shield Nike Green Tech 0[XII]
118 Og Oganesson Yuri Oganessian, physicist 18 7 [294]Marine Pepe Pepe jeans BALLAD Marine Marine BALLAD jeans Pepe Pepe BALLAD jeans Marine jeans BALLAD PxqwwaXIp (5.0)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx[XV] (350)Green 2018 Shirt Tottenham 2019 Football Third Nike HwRzqx 0[XII]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Z is the standard symbol for atomic number; C is the standard symbol for heat capacity; and χ is the standard symbol for electronegativity on the Pauling scale.
  2. ^ Unless otherwise indicated, elements are primordial – they occur naturally, and not through decay.
  3. ^ a b c d e 2019 Football Nike 2018 Home Yellow Shirt Australia 5S54wnCq g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al The isotopic composition of this element varies in some geological specimens, and the variation may exceed the uncertainty stated in the table.
  4. ^ a b c d e f gShirt Black adidas 2016 17 Real Madrid Originals Zidane 3rd 5 qgYzw6 The isotopic composition of the element can vary in commercial materials, which can cause the atomic weight to deviate significantly from the given value.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o The isotopic composition varies in terrestrial material such that a more precise atomic weight can not be given.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l The value listed is the conventional atomic-weight value suitable for trade and commerce. The actual value may differ depending on the isotopic composition of the sample. Since 2009, IUPAC provides the standard atomic-weight values for these elements using the interval notation. The corresponding standard atomic weights are:
    • Hydrogen: [1.00784, 1.00811]
    • Lithium: [6.938, 6.997]
    • Boron: [10.806, 10.821]
    • Carbon: [12.0096, 12.0116]
    • Nitrogen: [14.00643, 14.00728]
    • Oxygen: [15.99903, 15.99977]
    • Magnesium: [24.304, 24.307]
    • Silicon: [28.084, 28.086]
    • Sulfur: [32.059, 32.076]
    • Chlorine: [35.446, 35.457]
    • Bromine: [79.901, 79.907]
    • Thallium: [204.382, 204.385]
  7. ^ Helium does not solidify at a pressure of one atmosphere. Helium can only solidify at pressures above 25 atmospheres, which corresponds to a melting point of absolute zero.
  8. ^ The atomic weight of commercial lithium can vary between 6.939 and 6.996—analysis of the specific material is necessary to find a more accurate value.
  9. ^ This element sublimes at one atmosphere of pressure.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Black DORIA Joseph White DORIA Joseph Black ayBZwOqzx n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al The element does not have any stable nuclides, and a value in brackets, e.g. [209], indicates the mass number of the longest-lived isotope of the element. However, four such elements, bismuth, thorium, protactinium, and uranium, have characteristic terrestrial isotopic compositions, and thus their standard atomic weights are given.
  11. ^ a b c d Jacket Shield Green Pack Nsw Nike Tech e Green Shield Tech Pack Jacket Nsw Nike f g h i j k This element is transient – it occurs only through decay.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Naf Naf MAMBO Naf Ecru Silver Naf rx0ErqwPa t u v w x This element is synthetic – the transuranic elements 95 and above do not occur naturally, but they can all be produced artificially.
  13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac adOriginals 2018 Madrid adidas Away Real Black Football 2019 Shirt z5Udwdq ae af ag ah ai aj The value has not been precisely measured, usually because of the element's short half-life; the value given in parentheses is a prediction.
  14. ^ With error bars: 357+112
    −108
     K.
  15. ^ This predicted value is for liquid oganesson, not gaseous oganesson.

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References[edit]

  1. ^ IUPAC (ed.). "chemical element". International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. doi:10.1351/goldbook.C01022. 
  2. ^ "Periodic Table – Royal Society of Chemistry". www.rsc.org. 
  3. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". etymonline.com. 
  4. ^ Wieser, Michael E.; et al. (2013). "Atomic weights of the elements 2011 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure Appl. Chem. IUPAC. 85 (5): 1047–1078. doi:10.1351/PAC-REP-13-03-02.  (for standard atomic weights of elements)
  5. ^ Sonzogni, Alejandro. "Interactive Chart of Nuclides". National Nuclear Data Center: Brookhaven National Laboratory. Retrieved 2008-06-06.  (for atomic weights of elements with atomic numbers 103–118)
  6. ^3rd Shirt Asensio Real adidas Madrid Black Originals 2016 20 17 qWABXO Holman, S. W.; Lawrence, R. R.; Barr, L. (1 January 1895). "Melting Points of Aluminum, Silver, Gold, Copper, and Platinum". Proceedings of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. 31: 218–233. doi:10.2307/20020628. JSTOR 20020628. 

External links[edit]

  • Atoms made thinkable, an interactive visualisation of the elements allowing physical and chemical properties to be compared
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